Transmission Air Breathing Suppressor (TABS) Valve - A Device for Improving Automatic Transmission Fluid Life 740055
Automatic transmission fluids can oxidize with use, causing marginal transmission performance and eventual transmission malfunction. Periodic fluid changes are presently recommended to alleviate this problem.
Fluid oxidation is promoted in current transmissions because they breathe air freely through a vent tube. To reduce fluid oxidation, and thereby improve fluid and transmission durability, a one-way check valve, called the Transmission Air Breathing Suppressor (TABS), was designed to restrict the intake of air into the transmission and to replace the conventional vent tube.
The effectiveness of the TABS valve in reducing fluid oxidation was determined in high temperature transmission cycling tests and in taxicab tests. Fluid oxidation results with the TABS valve-equipped transmissions were compared to those with normally-vented transmissions. By reducing the amount of oxygen in the transmission gas, the TABS valve nearly eliminated fluid oxidation. With such improvement, fluid change intervals may be extended or eliminated.
Citation: Davison, E. and Haviland, M., "Transmission Air Breathing Suppressor (TABS) Valve - A Device for Improving Automatic Transmission Fluid Life," SAE Technical Paper 740055, 1974, https://doi.org/10.4271/740055. Download Citation
E. D. Davison, M. L. Haviland
Research Laboratories, General Motors Corp.
1974 Automotive Engineering Congress and Exposition