The Computation of Tearing Energy of Nicked Rubber Strips in Extension 740325
To compute the tearing energy of nicked rubber strips in extension, one has to solve first the associated stress-deformation involving finite elasticity. In the past, this was a formidable task so that the tearing energy had been determined solely by experiments and only for a few testpieces. With the aid of the finite element method (FEM), it is shown that this may now be done simply through the use of the Rice's J integral. Tearing energy for two testpieces are computed and results compared with existing experimental data. The agreement is good. Because of FEM's ability to treat general geometric and loading conditions, the use of the J integral in combination with FEM to cmpute the tearing energy now allows a wider application of the tearing energy concept to more complex units than hitherto known.