1974-02-01

An Interactive Hybrid Technique for Crashworthy Design of Complex Vehicular Structural Systems 740327

An interactive hybrid technique has been investigated as a feasible method for allowing the designer a means to predict failure modes and general crashworthiness response of complex multi-degree of freedom structural systems, such as the automotive vehicle, without the necessity of innumerable, costly destructive tests.
The technique employs average internal energy of deformable elements and internal reaction load density spectrums, with a simplified yield and buckling criterion, as the mechanism for predicting collapse modes of the shock excited system containing large arbitrary shaped rigid bodies which are linked by structural elements, composed of nonlinear, rate-sensitive, materials. Incremental finite element approximations account for the system nonlinearities in critical regions, identified by the predicted collapse mode, so as to allow judicious modeling of the system.
By predicting where and in what manner failure is most likely to occur, the technique provides a simplified analytical type tool to aid in the crashworthy design of a broad class of shock excited structural configurations with general constraints. An outline of the technique, along with the results of preliminary investigations are given. Relationships to the present state of knowledge in the field regarding analytical techniques for crashworthy design are discussed.

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