1974-02-01

A Search for a Low Nitric Oxide Engine 741172

Various homogeneous charge and stratified charge engine configurations were studied at wide-open throttle conditions, using simplified computer models. An order-of-magnitude parametric study was performed to find those combinations of variables which predicted a low nitric oxide level. Extreme values of variables were studied for a homogeneous charge engine configuration, which could be difficult to do in a real engine. As expected, these calculations indicated that for practical engine operation the equivalence ratio of the mixture must either be very rich or very lean for a resultant low nitric oxide level. Two extremes of stratified charge engine operation were investigated analytically, in other words, immediate mixing of newly formed products of rich combustion with excess air (instantaneous mixing) and a period of rich combustion followed by air addition to the rich products (delayed mixing). Comparisons of power, efficiency, and specific NOx are presented. For a low level of specific NOx the acceptable engine configurations are very rich homogeneous combustion, very lean homogeneous combustion, overall lean instantaneous mixing stratified charge and overall stoichiometric delayed mixing stratified charge.

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