Front wheel drive has found wide acceptance and increased popularity during recent years in medium and medium-small class European cars. A frequent design configuration is the FWD with transverse front engine.
The principal factors in this choice are:
Better use of available space
Production costs at levels competitive with other design arrangements
Ease of obtaining derivative models from basic cars.
The technical/functional aspects of the FWD will not be discussed here except some reference needed to explain otherwise uncomprehensible concepts.