1975-02-01

Time Resolved Measurements of Exhaust Composition and Flow Rate in a Wankel Engine 750024

Measurements were made of exhaust histories of the following species: unburned hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, oxygen, and nitric oxide (NO). The measurements show that the exhaust flow can be divided into two distinct phases: a leading gas low in HC and high in NO followed by a trailing gas high in HC and low in NO. Calculations of time resolved equivalence ratio throughout the exhaust process show no evidence of a stratified combustion.
The exhaust mass flow rate is time resolved by forcing the flow to be locally quasi-steady at an orifice placed in the exhaust pipe. The results with the quasi-steady assumption are shown to be consistent with the measurements. Predictions are made of time resolved mass flow rate which compare favorably to the experimental data base.
The composition and flow histories provide sufficient information to calculate the time resolved flow rates of the individual species measured. The information so generated shows most of the NO is exhausted with the leading gas while most of the HC is exhausted with the trailing gas.

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