Anthropometric Basis of the GM ATD 502 Crash Test Dummy 750429
Human anthropometry was used as input to the design of the GM ATD 502 crash test dummy. The spinal column of an average adult male was located for an erect seated position leading to guidelines for placement of dummy components and sectioning of the dummy into segments. The weight and weight distribution of these dummy segments were defined based on anthropometric data. These results provide some assurance that the size, relative location, and weight distribution of dummy structures are representative of human characteristics.