A Comparison of Results Obtained With Different Analytical Techniques for Reconstruction of Highway Accidents 750893

For several staged collisions, results obtained with closed form reconstruction calculations and with a computerized step-by-step procedure are compared with measured responses. A refined, closed-form reconstruction procedure is defined, derivations of the analytical relationships are outlined and detailed results of sample applications are presented.
Closed form calculation procedures for estimating impact conditions became a topic of interest in relation to the development of an automatic starting routine for iterative applications of the Simulation Model of Automobile Collisions (SMAC) computer program. The accuracy of initial estimates of speeds determines the total number of iterative adjustments of SMAC that are required to achieve an acceptable overall match of the evidence. Since a high degree of success was achieved in the refinement of such calculation procedures, the end product, by itself, is considered to be a valuable aid to accident investigations.


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