An evaluation has been made of the use of the diesel as an alternative engine in passenger cars. This includes the technological feasibility for meeting the different emission standards and the techniques for emission control. The emissions studied include both the presently regulated species--hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides--and the following nonregulated emissions: aldehydes, ammonia, smoke and particulates, polynuclear aromatics, and sulfur compounds.A comparison has been made between the emissions, performance and economy of currently produced diesel powered cars and gasoline powered cars. Other cars which are being developed and powered by the stratified charge, Wankel, and the gas turbine engines are also included in the comparison. Intrinsic problem areas in the diesel engine that need further research are also identified and discussed.