Laboratory Evaluation of Three-Way Catalysts 760201
A comprehensive laboratory evaluation was carried out on recent three-way catalyst formulations. The evaluation of selectivity characteristics was made in a synthetic exhaust mixture where “window” widths and positions for three-way conversion and their change after durability runs were determined. The durability runs were made in combusted gases from laboratory pulse-flame exhaust generators using both contaminant-free fuel and fuels with 1975 levels of Pb, P and S. A thorough evaluation of the “oxygen-storage” capability of the catalysts was performed and the results correlated with engine dynamometer experiments designed to utilize this property of three-way catalysts which allows a wider A/F ratio tolerance. A new technique which involves intentional modulation of the A/F ratio was found to extend the usefulness of such catalysts.
The implications of the chemical formulation of the catalysts in the overall design of the system, which includes fuel metering and feedback control along with the catalyst, are discussed.