The usage of aviation turbine fuel in Canadian operations has been the subject of a study sponsored by the Canadian Ministry of Transport. The study was designed to cover all aspects of aircraft operation from ground handling to aircraft in flight and included such parameters as availability and operating costs. Of particular importance was the effect of Canadian climatic conditions on the requirements for aviation turbine fuels for Northern operations. The final report prepared by an engineering consultant was based upon the reports from four sub-groups formed to cover all the aforementioned areas. The final conclusions of the study presented in this paper consider that due to the climatic conditions there is a place for both wide-cut and kerosene fuels in Canadian operations.