Development of a Predictive Tool for In-Cylinder Gas Motion in Engines 780315
A method is described of calculating the flow, temperature and turbulence fields in cylinder configurations typical of a direct-injection diesel engine. The method operates by solving numerically the Navier Stokes equations that govern the flow, together with additional equations representing the effects of turbulence. A general curvilinear-orthogonal grid that translates with the piston motion is used for the calculations in the complex-shaped piston bowl, whilst an expanding/contracting grid is used elsewhere. Predictions are presented showing the evolution of the velocity and turbulence fields during the compression and expansion phases of a motored engine cycle, for various shapes of axisymmetric piston bowl and various initial swirl levels. These results illustrate the strong influence of these factors on the TDC flow structure.