A Review of Automotive Emission Control Programs Around the World 780950
Emission control programs for automobiles have now been in existence for almost two decades in some jurisdictions. In addition, the approach to regulation and enforcement varies from country to country thus creating a large array of policy alternatives which can be evaluated. This paper attempts to review the strenghts and weaknesses of the major control programs around the world and evaluate the costs and effectiveness of the existing standards in reducing emission levels.
The data that forms the basis for this paper is from an OECD report on the subject prepared by the author in 1977 and contains data from the ECE, Japanese, US, Canadian, Swedish and Australian automotive emission control programs. A method of comparing the major test standards is presented in order that the standards can be quantitatively and qualitatively related to each other.