The Automobile Industry, Ecology, and Conservation of Raw Materials and Energy 785087

The paper surveys the harmful effects of the automobile industry in all its ramifications, and suggests ways of improvement. The general format is:
- Negative effects of factory operations on workers and nearby residents: Combustion products and industrial chemicals are particularly dangerous; some recycling is possible.
- Vehicle-produced air pollution: Attempts are presently being made to establish pollutants' effects on health. Most European countries already have initiated regulations; engine design developments are reviewed.
- Vehicle-produced noise: Both vehicle design and acoustic measures for traffic networks offer improvements. Six European countries have instituted noise limits.
- Physical danger of collision: International standardization of roadways and continuing vehicle development must be pursued. Further reduction of driver error through technical, educational, and legislative (anti-alcohol) measures is required.
- Traffic planning: Coordination of roadways, pedestrian areas, and parking with the needs of surrounding residential, commercial, and industrial zones is required.
- Fuel and material requirements of vehicles: Fuel conservation requires further engine and transmission development. Material recycling must intensify; service-lives must be extended


Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »


Members save up to 43% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: With TechSelect, you decide what SAE Technical Papers you need, when you need them, and how much you want to pay.