Response of Diesel Combustion Systems to Increase of Fuel Injection Rate 790037
Experimental data are presented to show how diesel combustion systems respond to increase of fuel injection rate. Concepts of a fuel spray entrainment parameter, a maximum useful injection rate, and a condition termed ‘impingement’ are introduced to correlate and interpret widely differing responses. Best possible smoke and BSFC values in swirl type direct injection engines are obtained for injection rates 15% to 33% higher than normal values, but in practice lower rates must be used to satisfy emissions and other requirements. Engines with a high swirl rate and impingement give a superior ‘retardability’ for normal injection rates. Computer model calculations also show that there is a maximum useful injection rate and explain the relative fuel economies for different diesel combustion systems.