Energy Conservation with Increased Compression Ratio and Electronic Knock Control 790173
Previous investigations have shown that fuel economy gains are possible in vehicles with increased compression ratio engines that meet 1978 Federal emission standards using oxidizing converter-EGR emission control systems. There has been no incentive to raise compression ratios, however, since the vehicle gains are offset by energy losses in the refinery due to refining the higher octane unleaded fuel required by high compression ratio engines. This paper discusses the application of an electronic closed loop knock control system to a higher compression ratio engine to allow operation on 91 Research Octane Number fuel. Two cars with different compression ratios are compared with both oxidizing converter - EGR and 3-way oxidizing-reducing converter-EGR closed loop carburetor emission control systems.