Crashworthiness Analysis of Field Investigation of Business Aircraft Accidents 790587
Business and executive aviation represent a combined total of over 40% of the general aviation fleet, but (1977) accounted for only 8.37% of all general aviation accidents recorded. During the period 1964-1977 some 7,351 aircraft engaged in business flying, and 883 in corporate/executive operations, were involved in accidents reported by the NTSB. These accidents were reviewed utilizing the University of Michigan Computerized Accident Files to provide an overall view of the incidence and nature of business/executive aircraft accidents relative to occupant crash injuries. In addition more detailed case studies of selected accidents investigated including a Lear Jet 25B, Cessna 421, Beech Volpar Model 18, and Ted Smith Aerostar 601, are provided to illustrate specific types of crashworthiness, occupant protection, or post-crash emergency egress findings applicable to business/executive operations. Post-crash fire was reported in 29 cases (16.3%) during the 3-year period (1975-1977). Emergency egress problems involving smoke and fire are discussed. Data from 1975-1977 indicate that the chances of being fatally injured in an accident is significantly greater than receiving serious injury, suggesting a lack of crashworthy performance which may be predicted to improve as more accidents occur in which crew shoulder harnesses are installed and worn.