MVMA-2D Air Bag/Steering Assembly Simulation Model 800298
This paper describes further developments of the MVMA-2D model including program modifications of the air bag and the energy absorbing steering assembly submodels. The air bag submodel and the steering assembly submodel in the MVMA-2D crash victim simulation are independently formulated. No coupling exists between these two submodels to permit simulation of the kinematics of an anthropomorphic dummy restrained by a driver air bag restraint system mounted on a collapsible steering column. The development effort of integrating both submodels to provide the MVMA-2D model with such a capability is presented.
The integrated model has been successfully utilized in simulating dynamic responses, in frontal impact situations, of a dummy restrained by a driver air bag restraint system mounted on a collapsible steering column. Validations of the model were made by comparing simulation results with experimental test data. Applications of the model to air bag restraint system performance evaluations and parametric studies for aiding restraint system designs are demonstrated. Guidelines and limitations of the model are also discussed.