Many proposed advanced aircraft - but especially tilt-nacelle, subsonic-cruise, V/STOL aircraft - require nacelles that operate over a wide range of aerodynamic conditions. The optimum design of such nacelles and their inlets is described, including how the inlet low-speed design conditions are selected, the conditions for which the various regions of the inlet are designed, and appropriate criteria of merit. For low-speed operation the optimum internal surface velocity distributions and skin friction distributions are described for three categories of inlets: those without boundary-layer control (BLC), those with BLC, and those with blow-in door slots and retractable slats. Experimental results are presented that show the performance of the various types of inlets. At cruise speed the effect of factors that reduce the nacelle external surface area and the local skin friction is illustrated. These factors are cruise Mach number, inlet throat size, fan-face Mach number, and nacelle contour. The interrelation of these cruise-speed factors with the design requirements for good low-speed performance is discussed. Finally an inlet design without BLC and an optimized inlet design with slots and slats are compared to illustrate the possible reductions in nacelle size.