Fatigue Life Predictions for High Strength Steels in Automotive Applications 810435
A computer-based technique was used to produce fatigue life predictions for a variety of steels using service histories recorded from several automotive components. The materials considered, both hot and cold-rolled sheets, ranged in yield strength from 200 MPa (30 ksi) to 580 MPa (84 ksi) and included most of the steels currently under consideration for material substitution to achieve vehicle weight reduction. The results of these computations were used to produce estimates of the weight savings potential, in fatigue limited designs, of the substitution of higher strength materials for conventional hot or cold-rolled low carbon steel; the indicated weight savings were from 16 to 50% depending on the nature of the loading of the component. This wide variation in savings is an indication of the importance of design in the engineering for minimum weight. Differences in the fatigue notch sensitivities of the materials were found to be an important factor in the predicted fatigue lives. These results also show that the relative ranking of the materials for weight saving potential is for the most part the same for the four service histories tested.