A Quantitative Analysis of the Effects of Rolls Coupling on Fuel Economy and Emission Levels 810827
The effect of coupling chassis dynamometer rolls (front to rear) on city and highway fuel economy and emissions was investigated. A representative fleet of ten Ford certification vehicles (five passenger cars and five trucks) was tested in coupled and uncoupled roll configurations. Testing was conducted on a Clayton CTE-50 dynamometer with a hydrokinetic power absorption unit (P.A.U.) which was calibrated at a single point (50 mph).
It was found that emission levels increased significantly (95% confidence level) for all constituents except city-NOx, which demonstrated mixed results. Observed fuel economy was reduced for both city and highway (3.6% and 4.0%, respectively, for a combined Metro/Highway (M/H) reduction of 3.8%) when the rolls were coupled.