A Short History of Aviation Gasoline Development, 1903-1980 810848
The paper covers over fifty years of aviation gasoline development, beginning with a description of the Wright brothers’ 12 horsepower engine and their use of below 40 octane gasoline. Early investigations of the detonation phenomenon are described and the means developed to suppress knock by improving fuel quality. Why the Rolls-Royce Merlin engine of the RAF Spitfire was found to require a special 100 octane fuel for the Battle of Britain is explained.
The importance of the alkylation process is described. The vast volume of 100 octane fuel required for the Allied air forces in World War II could not have been produced without the alkylation process.