Effect of Inlet Parameters on the Flow Characteristics in a Four-Stroke Model Engine 820750
The flow structure in a four-stroke model engine motored at 200 rpm with a compression ratio of 3.5 has been investigated. Ensemble-averaged axial and swirl mean and rms velocities have been obtained by laser-Doppler anemometry downstream of an axisymmetrically located single valve with 30 and 60 degree seat angles and various lifts, with and without induction swirl. In all cases, the intake-generated flow structure in the axial plane disappears by the time the inlet valve closes and results in nearly homogeneous turbulence during compression with levels of 0.5–0.7 times the mean piston speed. The swirling flow, however, which is induced by means of vanes, persists through the compression stroke, evolving from a spiralling motion early during intake into solid body type of rotation near TDC of compression, with associated swirl ratios increasing with valve lift.