The Dynamic Response of Multiply-Articulated Truck Combinations to Steering Input 820973
Certain multiply-articulated truck combinations are known to exhibit lightly damped trailer yaw motions in response to rapid inputs of steering. This paper clarifies the yaw response phenomenon and illustrates this characteristic for ten vehicle combinations which are currently in use in the U.S. The phenomenon of interest is described in terms of the “amplification” in lateral acceleration level experienced at the rear-most trailer of the combination with respect to the lateral acceleration level achieved at the truck or tractor. Results from two types of computerized simulation are presented; one representing a linear treatment of the vehicle and producing frequency response characteristics, and the other representing a rather complete nonlinear treatment of the vehicle and producing time history responses in an emergency obstacle-avoidance maneuver. The results show very large differences in the tendency of various combination vehicles to amplify lateral acceleration and thus to promote premature rollover of the rearmost trailing element.