Lead Accumulation on Automotive Catalysts 830270

Engine dynamometer and laboratory flow reactor studies of automotive catalyst deactivation caused by the use of leaded fuel indicate that there are two different deactivation mechanisms: one, which dominates between 700 and 800 C, is the poisoning of the active platinum sites by lead oxide, or perhaps lead, and the other, which occurs below 550 C, is a build up of a gas diffusion barrier of lead sulfate. Both deactivation mechanisms can be temporarily reversed. Poisoning is reversed when the platinum is freed of lead oxide by lead sulfate formation below 650 C; and the barrier formed below 550 C can be made more permeable by thermal sintering of the lead sulfate at 600 to 700 C or its decomposition to lead oxide at 700 to 800 C. However, further exposure of the catalyst will again render it inactive via the mechanism predominating in that temperature region.


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