The Influence of Size and Weight Variables on the Roll Stability of Heavy Duty Trucks 831163
The roll stability of heavy-duty trucks and truck combinations is discussed both on the level of the fundamental mechanics of vehicle response and from the viewpoint of the quantitative influence of size and weight variables. The presentation on fundamentals begins with the case of a rigidly-suspended vehicle and builds up to the case of a tractor-semitrailer with distinctive suspension stiffnesses and spring lash properties at the various axle positions. Size and weight considerations cover variations in axle load, gross weight, and overall width as well as incidental issues involving the height and possible lateral offset of the payload center of gravity. Size and weight influences on roll stability are interpreted in terms of the likely implications for rollover accident involvement.