1983-10-31

Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine Study of Four Vegetable Oils 831743

A single-cylinder, 0.36ℓ, D.I. Diesel engine was operated on Diesel fuel, sunflowerseed oil, cottonseed oil, soybean oil, and peanut oil. The purpose of this study was to provide a detailed comparison of performance and emissions data and to characterize the biological activity of the particulate soluble organic fraction for each fuel using the Ames Salmonella typhimurium test. In addition, exhaust gas aldehyde samples were collected using the DNPH method. These samples were analyzed gravimetrically and separated into components from formaldehyde to heptaldehyde with a gas chromatograph.
Results comparing the vegetable oils to Diesel fuel generally show slight improvements in thermal efficiency and indicated specific energy consumption; equal or higher gas-phase emissions; lower indicated specific revertant emissions; and significantly higher aldehyde emissions, including an increased percentage of formaldehyde.

SAE MOBILUS

Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »

Access SAE MOBILUS »

Members save up to 18% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: Download multiple Technical Papers each year? TechSelect is a cost-effective subscription option to select and download 12-100 full-text Technical Papers per year. Find more information here.
We also recommend:
TECHNICAL PAPER

Design Modifications for Durability Improvements of Diesel Engines Operating on Plant Oil Fuels

921630

View Details

TECHNICAL PAPER

Experimental Investigation of Non-Edible Vegetable Oil Operation in a LHR Diesel Engine for Improved Performance

932846

View Details

TECHNICAL PAPER

PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF DIESEL ENGINES FUELED BY VEGETABLE OILS

2001-01-1807

View Details

X