Suspension Designs to Improve Tractor Ride: I. Passive Seat Suspension 841107
Low frequency terrain induced vibrations transmitted to the off-road vehicle operators are quite severe and exceed I.S.O specified “fatigue decreased proficiency” limits. In this paper, the ride improvement of an agricultural tractor is sought through effective designs of passive seat suspensions. The dynamic analysis of existing bounce suspension seats is carried out to establish its ride performance behaviour. Optimal bounce seat suspension parameters are selected with an objective to maintain the ride vibration levels within 4 hours exposure “fatigue decreased proficiency” limits. The roll and pitch ride vibrations, perceived by the operators, can be attenuated through a gimbal arrangement mounted to the bounce suspension seat. The optimal parameters of the combined seat isolator are selected using parametric optimization techniques. Also a horizontal isolator, attachable to the bounce or the combined seat isolator, is configured.