Additives are an integral part of today's fuels. Together with carefully formulated base fuel composition, they contribute to efficiency, dependability and long life of gasoline and diesel engines. As a primer, this paper describes the range of chemical additives formulated for gasoline and diesel fuel and their effects. Specific functions and benefits of additives, typical use levels, and test methods for evaluation are discussed. Additive usage may be divided into three major categories: a) to satisfy desired levels of performance in engines, b) to insure delivery of uncontaminated, on-specification fuels to the end user and c) achieve necessary chemical/physical properties as manufactured by the refiner.