1984-10-01

The Contribution of Engine Oil to Particulate Exhaust Emissions from Light-Duty, Diesel-Powered Vehicles 841395

An apparatus was developed for the determination of the engine oil contribution to both total and extractable particulate exhaust emissions from diesel-powered vehicles during cyclic operation on a chassis dynamometer. For the five vehicles tested, the percentage of the total particulate material that was derived from engine oil ranged from 7 to 14%. Between 14 and 26% of the total particulate material was extractable with benzene-ethanol (80-20) solvent. Oil contributed from 30 to 55% of the extractables in most cases.
Engine design and oil formulation generally appeared to have only small effects on the oil contribution to the particulate emissions. A 1982 model-year vehicle with a 1.8L engine was an exception, since its oil contribution to the total and especially to the extractable particulate emissions (14 and 95%, respectively) was significantly greater than for any of the other vehicles.

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