1984-10-01

Flight Deck Automation Decisions 841471

Effective man-machine interface design for an airplane flight deck depends strongly on providing appropriate levels of control capability for use by the flight crew. The range of control options available to the airplane system designer extends from manual through partially automatic to full automatic. Selection of appropriate types and levels of automation for each new airplane is a complex task. It involves understanding the capabilities and limitations of the human operator, airplane operational and functional considerations, as well as concerns for cost and available technology. Recent airplanes have demonstrated the practicality of providing different levels of automation which can be applied by the flight crew under different circumstances. This trend expands the options available to the flight crew in coping with the changing operational environment. It also allows the flight crew to participate directly in the choice of when and how to apply automation. This paper describes the various automation factors which are considered in the process of developing a design.

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