High-speed laser shadowgraph cinematography synchronized with measurement of the pressure in the combustion chamber was employed in order to observe the location and magnitude of autoignition that causes cylinder gas oscillation. The use of a laser light source enabled the exposure time to be set at 0.8 microseconds with a high film speed of 30,000 f.p.s. . An image processing system was also used to determine the exact location of autoignited gases. The results clarified that the location of autoignition varied cycle-by-cycle. In some cycles it occurred in the vicinity of the cylinder wall, in some cycles it originated in the middle of the end gas and just in front of the propagating flame. It was also made clear that the occurrence of autoignition at a traceknock spark timing did not always bring about an oscillation in the chamber gases in case where the speed of the autoignited gas did not exceed a certain value.