Human Aspects of Highway Accidents in Newfoundland, Canada 850062

An investigation of the human aspects of highway traffic accidents in Newfoundland, Canada, reveals alcohol impairment, driver inattention, and child pedestrian safety to be the areas of major concern. The study shows a number of human aspects contributing to motor vehicle accidents to behave in Newfoundland as in other jurisdictions, however, some aspects such as fatigue behave quite differently.
The methodology permits the focus of financial and human resources on the highway safety problems evident in a sub region of a national fabric and allows the saving of resources which otherwise would be allocated to national problems not found in the sub region.
HIGHWAY TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS with their associated property damage, personal injuries and fatalities remain a major concern in the province of Newfoundland, Canada, despite implementation of mandatory seat belt use legislation in 1982. Scarce financial and human resources dictated a methodology be established to permit a focus on the most significant contributing factors to motor vehicle accidents.
This paper documents a brief overview of the highway safety literature with relevance to Newfoundland, establishes a methodology for determining the significance of the various contributing factors to motor vehicle accidents, and identifies the focal areas for accident countermeasures in Newfoundland.


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