On the Intact Core of Full-Cone Sprays 850126

A voltage was applied between the nozzle unit and fine needles, rods, and screens inserted at various axial and radial positions into atomizing full-cone water sprays and the corresponding electrical resistance was measured in an attempt to determine the shape and length of the intact liquid core. The parameters of the experiment were: room temperature; air compressed at 0.1, 1.0, and 2.9 MPa; injection Δp = 13.7 MPa; and five straight-hole nozzles with diameters of 127, 178, 305, 343, and 508 µm, and the same length-to-diameter ratio of 4. The results show that current is carried not only by intact liquid cores but also by atomized unconnected sprays and even across such sprays. Thus the shape of the intact core could be deduced only in the vicinity of the nozzle exit. In the atomization regime, the length of the intact core is found to be proportional to the nozzle diameter and to increase as the square root of the liquid-to-gas density ratio, i.e. xl = Cd(ρg)1/2 where C≈7.


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