Quantitative measurements were made of NOx feedgas emissions during transient engine operation as the response time of an EGR system was progressively-degraded. For a simple acceleration-cruise-deceleration engine speed/torque versus time trajectory, it was found that the NOx emissions were higher during acceleration and lower during deceleration than corresponding values predicted from steady-state mapping data. The magnitude of the differences, as well as the total mass of NOx integrated over the speed/torque trajectory, all increased as the EGR response time was increased. Using a simple dynamic EGR model, NOx feedgas emissions were predicted for engine operation with a production EGR system over a 128 second portion of the FTP CVS cycle. The NOx feedgas predictions were shown to be in excellent agreement with actual emission measurements.