Development of Vehicles with Economically Justified Passenger Protection-A Survey 850513
Optimum deformation structures for the safety of passengers of motor vehicles are worked out on the basis of computer generated accident simulations. The simulated accidents are based on accident statistics and consider the relevant collision types as well, as the actual mass and speed distributions.
The evaluation of the deformation structures include the injury-related costs and the effect domain costs. These costs also consider the determinable results of modified deformation structures such as increased fuel consumption.
As the final result, it can be stated that the effect domain costs have a dominant influence. Furthermore, the protective measures for increased safety during side collisions are best taken in the frontal area of the impacting vehicle.