1985-04-01

An Experimental Study of a General Aviation Single-Engine Aircraft Utilizing a Natural Laminar Flow Wing 850861

Force and moment measurements, and surface flow patterns have been obtained for a one-fifth scale model of a single-engine general aviation aircraft utilizing a 15% thick natural laminar flow wing section. The data is for typical pre- and post-stall angles of attack, aircraft yaw attitudes, surface roughness and Reynolds number conditions. Results from a separate study of the wing alone are also given for comparison.
This comparison shows that the fuselage/tail assembly acts as a lifting body. The aerodynamic characteristics show marked deterioration with increasing surface roughness. In addition, the studies indicate that the transition on the wing is characterized by laminar short bubble separation. The aerodynamic characteristics are somewhat unaffected by the presence of mini-tufts. The flow visualization photographs clearly show the transition and separation regions, and document the effects of variations in angle of attack and yaw on wing body interference.

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