Collegiate Design Series
SAE Learning Center
A World in Motion (K-12)
Participate with SAE
Brand Gear Store
Donate to SAE
NOx Reduction is Compatible with Fuel Economy Through Toyota’s Lean Combustion System
T-LCS (TOYOTA LEAN COMBUSTION SYSTEM ) has made the engine possible to be operated with very lean mixture over 22 of air-fuel ratio, and achieved the NOx reduction and the improvement of fuel economy.
This system has two features, one of which is the feed-back control of lean mixture strength using the LEAN MIXTURE SENSOR that has been newly developed.
The other feature is the improved combustion through the SWIRL CONTROL VALVE and individual timing control of fuel injection for each cylinder.
The influence of the test patterns, the vehicle weight and the air-fuel ratio on the exhaust emissions of lean combustion system has been examined and the results are reported in this paper.
Kimbara, Y., Shinoda, K., Koide, H., and Kobayashi, N., "NOx Reduction is Compatible with Fuel Economy Through Toyota’s Lean Combustion System," SAE Technical Paper 851210, 1985,
Yoshiro Kimbara, Kazuo Shinoda, Hiroshi Koide, Nobuyuki Kobayashi
Toyota Motor Corp.
SAE Government Industry Meeting and Exposition
SAE 1986 Transactions - Fuels and Lubricants-V94-7
Air / fuel ratio
Combustion and combustion processes
Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content.
Learn More »
Access SAE MOBILUS »
Add to Cart
Members save up to
off list price.
to see discount.
With TechSelect, you decide what SAE Technical Papers you need, when you need them, and how much you want to pay.