Commercial, military and general aviation aircraft accidents have occurred in which the pilot(s) did not (or could not) cope with the situation encountered. In spite of the high degree of training received by most professional pilots today, “unusual” situations occur in which they have had little or no experience and training. The value of training in coping with in-flight emergencies has been recognized for decades. This training has resulted in almost routine handling of most emergencies that involve system failures. However, there are situations that can occur, although on an infrequent basis, in which the improper response by the pilot-in-command can result in a catastrophic outcome.This paper discusses some examples of “can occur/has occurred” situations in which the proper training for the potentially catastrophic situation could avert a catastrophic outcome. Recommendations are made for incorporating training for the potentially catastrophic situation into existing training programs.