Experimental and Mathematical Simulation of Pedestrian-Vehicle and Cyclist-Vehicle Accidents 856113
In several European countries, unprotected road users form a significant proportion of road accident casualties. The Research Institute for Road Vehicles TNO has started a long-term research program on pedestrian and cyclist safety. Up to now, 38 full-scale dummy tests with simulated vehicle fronts and real passenger cars were performed. Furthermore, 3D mathematical model simulations were conducted with the MADYMO Crash Victim Simulation (CVS) package. A part of the program is presented in this paper. The influence of vehicle geometry and speed on pedestrian and cyclist kinematics in a lateral impact is shown, as well as the influence of bicycle mass and speed. The results of cyclist and pedestrian tests will be compared with each other.
E. G. Janssen, J. S. H. M. Wismans
Research Institute for Road Vehicles TNO, Delft, The Netherl
International Technical Conference on Enhanced Safety of Vehicles