Low Speed Dynamic Similarity Modelling in Internal Combustion Engines 860239

In the study of mixture motion in an I.C. engine it is desirable to observe the development of flow structures at reduced speed, in order to facilitate data capture. In this paper the use of high molecular weight gases to achieve dynamic similarity with real engine operating conditions at very much reduced engine speeds is examined. The general constraints required to achieve full similarity are discussed, as are the implications for the choice of gas mixtures. It is argued that acceptable similarity can be obtained using a common fluorocarbon, and gas flow motions can be tracked using conventional video equipment and large (20 μm) microballoon seeds.


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