A regeneration system for the ceramic trap oxidiser is presented, based on the exhaust gas throttling of the engine. The trottling process, producing 1.5-3.0 bar overpressure, leads to a modified power flow in the engine, resulting in higher enthalpy exhaust gas, at the expense of the net power output of the engine. Thus exhaust temperature is raised over the lower regeneration limit (550°C) for a wide range of engine operation modes including also high speed-no-load modes.The effects of throttling on exhaust gas thermodynamic state and engine operational characteristics (volumetric efficiency, mean effective pressure, power output, consumption) are theoretically and experimentally analysed. An optimised regeneration system by exhaust throttling is described. This system includes: regulated throttling orifice for minimum net power output loss and reduction of fuel injected for acceptable smoke emission of the engine under high backpressure conditions.