The Accident Research Units at the Institute for Consumer Ergonomics, Loughborough, and the Department of Transportation and Highway-Engineering, Birmingham University are investigating the causes of injury to car occupants in accidents. The research is funded by the Department of Transport, Ford and BL Technology.
The teams have established an extensive crashed vehicle examinaton and recording procedure which includes all aspects of the vehicle which influence occupant injury. A thorough examination of the vehicle exterior and interior is made and the observations recorded on specially designed forms and photographically.
The vehicle interior is also examined to assess the performance of components affecting occupant injury and to identify possible contacts made by the occupant(s) during the crash. The possible occupant contacts are compared with known occupant injuries and form the basis of injury source decisions.
All these data are brought together to form a completed case in which the accident circumstances and the main features are summarised, damage to vehicle(s) and occupants involved are recorded and the likely causes of injury are deduced.