A new method of continuous measurement of engine oil consumption using sulfur as the tracer has been developed. The modified non-dispersive-infrared (NDIR) analyzer with the SO2 absorbent and a permeable plastic type dryer enable to measure very low concentration of SO2 in the exhaust gas. By the use of this method, the engine oil consumption under the transient engine operating condition has been analyzed.The experimental result show that the measured value of the transient oil consumption is larger than the estimated value by the quasisteady method using the experimental data of steady-state operations. The difference between these value is explained by the simple model developed here. This model also show that the total oil consumption under the transient engine operating condition depends mainly on the amount of oil drawn into the combustion chamber by the high vacuum during engine-brake conditions.