Structural system identification was applied to small sample problems and to large automotive structures. The technique combines mass and stiffness matrices from a finite element model with experimental mode shapes and natural frequencies to produce improved mass and stiffness matrices. In numerical experiments on small problems the procedure enabled us to identify regions of original finite element models where changes of model parameters were required to bring finite element predictions into better agreement with exact results. Also, node point displacements were calculated for small structures subjected to time-dependent sinusoidal loads, and it was found that predictions of displacements from “improved” models were more accurate than original finite element model predictions when forcing frequencies were within the range of experimental frequencies used with structural system identification calculations. When applied to two large automotive structures. regions within the finite element models identified as candidates for parameter changes to, in one case, bring about a shift in predicted frequencies, and, in the other case, improve correlation with test results, were found to be consistent with our engineering judgement.