A camshaft for an automobile engine is generally made of chilled cast iron. But, because of increased demand for higher performance engines, a camshaft with many camshaft has been expected. The cam intervals were necessarily narrow. So it was difficult to manufacture the conventional chilled cast iron camshaft at a moderate price. In the case of a rocker-arm type valve mechanism, higher wear resistance was necessary.After due consideration to solve these problems, development of surface remelted chilled layer camshafts by Toyota's unique manufacturing method has been accomplished.In 1984 Toyota Motor Corporation started the mass-production of this camshaft, first for the new 1.0 liter 1E engine, and then for the 1.3 liter 2E engine.In this paper, the excellent wear resistance, the low manufacturing cost and the characteristic manufacturing method are described.