“Second-Generation” SAE 5W-30 Passenger Car Engine Oils 861515
High performance lubricant additive systems have been developed to formulate SAE 5W-30 passenger car engine oils which meet current and anticipated requirements of the North American original equipment manufacturers. The trend in North America is to recommend SAE 5W-30 oils that not only meet the API SF requirements for gasoline engines (“first-generation” oils), but also meet the stringent API CC requirement for light duty diesel engines (“second-generation” oils). Furthermore, the engine builders have issued “world specifications” for motor oils which incorporate additional “second-generation” SAE 5W-30 characteristics, such as enhanced API SF limits, improved fuel efficiency, an increased margin of bearing protection, and lower finished-oil phosphorus levels. The additive systems described herein exceed API SF and CC requirements as well as “second-generation” performance hurdles. Data on high- and low-temperature viscometric properties, API SF and CC engine tests, ASTM Fuel Efficiency Engine Oil tests and field tests will be presented. Extension of these additive systems to formulate “world-class” oils in SAE 10W-30 and 10W-40 viscosity grades will also be discussed.