1987-02-01

Drivers' Visual Behavior as Affected by Stopping Maneuver 870236

This study investigates the visual behavior of novice and experienced drivers with three tasks when the stop line disappears from a driver's view before he/she performs a stopping maneuver. The tasks were stopping right in front of the stop line, (a) after traveling in a straight line, (b) after pulling over to the left line, and (c) after pulling over to the right line. The results showed that the range of horizontal fixation locations for the experienced drivers was wider than that for the novice drivers and that the experienced drivers looked closer in front of the car than the novice drivers. These results suggest that the strategies of visual search for the novice drivers were critically concerned with the vehicle's direction of travel under the conditions of high driving tasks.

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