Visualization of Flow and Combustion Processes in a Square Piston Engine Simulator 870452
A square-piston engine simulator used at Berkeley to study both spark-ignited and diesel engine processes is described. The square piston configuration provides optical access to fluid mechanical and combustion processes through two fiat quartz windows used as cylinder walls. Results from three previous research projects are reviewed to illustrate the engine's capabilities. Since these studies, we developed and used a color schlieren cinematography system to record in-cylinder processes. Color schlieren movies of both spark-ignition and diesel combustion reveal the essential fluid mechanical and combustion features within the engine. For these movies, we redesigned the diesel fuel system and installed a new liquid fuel injection system for spark-ignited operation. By preventing fuel and soot condensation on the windows, these new fuel systems improved the quality of our Schlieren images.