Mathematical Movement and Load Simulation for Persons Involved in an Automobile Accident 871109
This report deals with the development and use of the Daimler-Benz Isohuman Simulation Model for the mathematical simulation of dummy behaviour in an impact environment. Designated ISM, this computer program package is capable of handling both automobile occupant and pedestrian kinematics. Daimler-Benz safety engineers use the ISM to evaluate new safety designs before performing actual laboratory tests. The ISM code uses the theoretical algorithm of Prof. Wittenburg. The dummy is represented by 11 rigid body elements. Realistic and accurate simulations are assured by the fact that a considerable number of functional and sophisticated algorithms were developed to involve the different interactions of dummy-to-belt or dummy-to-vehicle. In particular, considerable work is being done to introduce a more precise and realistic dummy and vehicle geometry.